Bad Breath
Unpleasant odour from the oral cavity


  • Poor brushing techniques
  • Gum disease due to infections in the mouth
  • Tobacco smoking and chewing
  • Systemic conditions or illnesses, such as liver disease, kidney disease, lung disease etc.
  • Decayed teeth
  • Diet


  • Treat underlying condition
  • Drink plenty of water every day to encourage saliva production
  • Use of sugar free gum
  • Dietary changes, like use of raw carrots, as recommended by your dentist or nutritionist
  • Advise on brushing teeth thoroughly at least twice daily.