Opacity of the lens inside the eye. It is the most common cause of blindness in Uganda.

Risk factors

  • Old age
  • Diabetes (high blood sugar)
  • Certain drugs e.g. corticosteroids
  • Eye injuries

Clinical features

  • Reduced vision
  • Pupil is not the normal black colour but is grey, white, brown, or reddish in colour
  • Condition is not painful unless caused by trauma
  • Eye is not red unless condition is caused by trauma


  • Refer for cataract surgery