It is the most common primary cancer of the retina and affects young children mostly under 5 years. It is curable if
detected and treated early.

Clinical features

  • White pupil (leukocoria)
  • Squint
  • Redness and swelling of the eye
  • Glowing in the dark or cat’s eye reflex


  • Ocular examination by midwives immediately after birth for early diagnosis
  • Refer urgently (within 72 hours) all children suspected to have retinoblastoma to an