A blunt object striking the eye with great force may result in minor or severe injury to the eye.
Different structures of the eye maybe involved.
|Lids, cornea, and
|Eyelid swelling and subcutaneous
bleeding. The degree of swelling
may be mild to severe. There may be
corneal abrasions and conjunctival
swelling and sub conjunctival
lens, vitreous or
|Decreased visual acuity is an
indication that the injury involved
either the anterior chamber, lens,
vitreous, or retina.
All the above will result in poor
|Orbital bones||A blunt injury may cause orbital
bone fractures. The commonest is a
fracture of the ethmoid bone.
The patient may present with
swelling of the eye and proptosis if
there is haemorrhage in the orbit
or a sunken or retracted eyeball
depending on the site of the fracture.
The patient may also complain of
double vision (Diplopia
- Assess the visual acuity, and if this is normal and there are no signs/symptoms of orbital bone
- Gentamicin or chloramphenicol eye drops or tetracycline eye ointment
- Pain reliever – Paracetamol
- A cold compress maybe helpful in lid swelling
- If the visual acuity is poor, pad the eye, give a pan reliever and REFER URGENTLY THE PATIENT
TO A SPECIALIST as this is an indication of injury to deeper structures