VIRAL HEPATITIS

A condition characterised by inflammation of the liver due to hepatitis viruses. They may cause acute hepatitis,
symptomatic or not. The hepatitis B, D, C virus can cause chronic hepatitis. The hepatitis B virus can also give chronic carrier status.

Cause

  • Hepatitis A and E: orofaecal transmission
  • Hepatitis B: sexual, mother to child, transmission by infected body fluids /blood
  • Hepatitis C virus: contact with infectious blood (possibly sexual and vertical)
  • Hepatitis D: contact with infectious blood, sexual (possibly vertical)