INFANT AND YOUNG CHILD FEEDING

  1. Counsel and support all mothers to initiate breastfeeding within an hour of delivery and exclusively breastfeed
    their infants for the first six months of life, unless medically contraindicated.
  2. Teach mother correct positioning and attachment for breastfeeding, how to express and store breast milk
    hygienically, and how to feed the child by a cup.
  3. Counsel and support parents to introduce adequate, safe, and appropriate complementary foods at 6 months of age, and to continue breast feeding until the child is 2 years.
  4. A good diet should be adequate in quantity and include an energy-rich food (e.g. thick cereal with added oil, meat, fish, eggs, legumes, fruits and vegetables)
  5. Pregnant women and lactating mothers should consume adequate nutritious foods
  6. Recommend exclusive breastfeeding for infants of HIV-infected women for the first 6 months unless
    the replacement is acceptable, feasible, affordable, sustainable, and safe (AFASS).
  7. Malnourished children should be provided with appropriate medical care, nutritional rehabilitation, and
    follow-up.
  8. Encourage mothers of low birth weight infants who can suckle to breastfeed. Assist those who cannot breastfeed to express breast milk and feed the baby.
  9. During illness, children should take increased fluids: breastfeed more often, increase amount of milk given,
    increase fluid intake (e.g. soups, yoghurt, and drinking water). Extra fluid in diarrhoea is especially life-saving
  10. For more information on feeding recommendations in infants and young children.