PREVENTION AND INFECTION CONTROL OF TB

Case diagnosis and management

  • Isolation of sputum-positive cases
  • Early detection of cases and initiation of appropriate TB treatment
  • Treatment under directly observed treatment (DOT) and follow up to ensure adherence and cure

Contact tracing

  • Tracing of contacts of pulmonary TB cases
  • Routine screening of health workers for active TB

Preventive measures

  • BCG vaccination at birth to prevent severe forms of TB
  • Preventive therapy for categories at risk

General hygiene

  • Avoidance of overcrowding
  • Cough hygiene (cover cough with pieces of cloth, washing hands with soap, proper disposal of sputum)
  • Avoid drinking unboiled milk
  • Good nutrition
  • Good housing condition with improved ventilation