HIV INFECTION AND ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS)

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a condition of reduced immunity as a result of infection with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). HIV should be confirmed with an HIV test.


Test and Treat policy
Uganda has adopted the “Test and Treat Policy”, which involves providing lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) to ALL people living with HIV irrespective of CD4 count or clinical staging.

Causes

  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Modes of transmission

  • Sexual intercourse with an HIV-infected person
  • Transfusion with HIV-infected blood
  • Mother-To-Child Transmission during pregnancy, delivery, or through breastfeeding
  • HIV-contaminated sharp instruments, e.g. dental and surgical equipment, needles, scalpels, razors, hair shaving equipment, nail cutters, and other sharp objects
  • Exposure to HIV-infected materials through an open wound or cut

Epidemiological risk factors for HIV

  • Present or past high-risk behaviour (multiple sexual partners)
  • Loss of a spouse or partner from HIV disease
  • Having sexually transmitted infections, especially Herpes simplex virus type 2
  • Being an uncircumcised man
  • Being in an HIV-discordant sexual relationship or marriage
  • History of blood transfusion between 1975 and 1986

CLICK HERE TO READ THE STATS   UGANDA POPULATION-BASED HIV IMPACT ASSESSMENT UPHIA 2016–2017

Find more at:

  1. CLINICAL FEATURES OF HIV 
  2. DIAGNOSIS AND INVESTIGATIONS
  3. MANAGEMENT OF HIV INFECTION
  4. MOTHER TO CHILD TRANSMISSION OF HIV
  5. OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTION IN HIV/AIDS
  6. PREVENTION OF HIV