PREVENTION OF HIV

Behavioural change

  • Always follow safe sex practices (e.g. use condoms; avoid multiple sexual partners)
  • Never share used needles, syringes, razors, hair shavers, nail cutters, and other sharp objects
  • Avoid tattooing, body-piercing, and scarification unless carried out under strictly hygienic conditions in properly controlled premises
  • Delay start of sexual activity in adolescence
  • Discourage cross generational and transactional sex
  • Avoid violence and abuse

Biomedical prevention interventions

  • PMTCT
  • Safe Male Circumcision
  • ART with viral suppression
  • PEP (Post Exposure Prophylaxis)
  • PrEP (Pre Exposure Prophylaxis)
  • Blood transfusion safety
  • STI screening and treatment
  • Safe infusion and injection practices
  • Adherence to infection control procedures