ACUTE PERICARDITIS

This is caused by bacterial infections, but it may also be due to viral pathogens.

Clinical Features

  • Fever
  • Chest pain
  • Dyspnoea
  • May have pericardial friction rub on auscultation.

Investigations

  • Full blood count
  • Chest x-ray
  • ECG
  • Echocardiogram
  • If pericardiocentesis is done, send fluid for microscopy, protein estimation, andculture.

Management

  • Bed rest
  • Penicillin and gentamicin if bacterial infection is suspected.