This is caused by bacterial infections, but it may also be due to viral pathogens.
- Chest pain
- May have pericardial friction rub on auscultation.
- Full blood count
- Chest x-ray
- If pericardiocentesis is done, send fluid for microscopy, protein estimation, andculture.
- Bed rest
- Penicillin and gentamicin if bacterial infection is suspected.