MENTAL RETARDATION IN CHILDREN

Children whose neuromotor and cognitive development is delayed are considered to have mental retardation. The degree of impairment in the mental retardation varies from mild to very severe. Intellectual performance is below average, as
expected, and the severely retarded child is not able to adapt to daily demands and thus may not be able to lead an independent life.

Mental retardation may also be part of a condition like Down’s Syndrome. It is necessary to exclude deafness
and cerebral palsy because hearing impairment retards the child’s ability to learn at normal pace, while children with cerebral palsy may have normal intelligence but are physically impaired to perform.

Management

  • Proper assessment is needed so that the child can be placed in appropriate and school.
  • Counselling of the parents and their involvement is essential for success of care school.
  • Special school may be necessary.