Besides nutrition children need appropriate stimulation in order to reach their development potential. Both parents and health workers need to know the normal developmental milestones.
|Developmental milestone||Normal limits|
|Can lift head when prone||4 weeks|
|Social smile||4–6 weeks|
|Good head control||3–6 months|
|Turns to origin of the sound||2–3 months|
|Extends hand to grasp a toy||2–3 months|
|Sitting without support||5–9 months|
- Any child whose milestones are delayed needs careful assessment to identify the cause and offered appropriate therapy. If you cannot deal with the problem refer.
- Children need simple culturally appropriate toys to play with. Parents can be taught how to make simple toys with materials available in the home.
- Encourage parents to spend time with their young children. Encourage parents to talk to their children often, even the babies; they won’t understand the words, but they will learn about interaction.