Key areas for discussion include:
- Prevention of HIV transmission to spouse and child
- Safer sexual practices and safe conception
- Education/counseling about perinatal transmission risk
- Initiation or modification of ART considering toxicity
- Evaluation of opportunistic infections and offering immunisation
- Some ARV drugs may interact and reduce the effect of hormonal contraceptives. It is always advisabe to use
additional barrier methods (condoms), which also prevent STIs.