Main symptom here is dysphagia due to failure of relaxation of the lower oesophageal sphincter. This results in dysphagia with differing degrees of food tasis and regurgitation of feeds.
- There is long-standing dysphagia, more for solids than liquids, and commonly in young patients.
- Vomiting of feeds also occurs, sometimes of foods taken some days back.
- Weight loss if present is usually only slight.
- Barium swallow, endoscopy, and biopsy
- Balloon dilatation
- Heller’s myotomy